Savanização The new challenges and degree of sophistication of technological innovation generated by André Maggi Group require continuous investments in research, development and as well as a closer relationship with the scientific community, which enhances competitiveness in the international arena. Today, the Group provides for environmental research development an area of 300 hectares for the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM), which conducts its research in partnership with the Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), University of São Paulo (USP), Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso (Unemat – Nova Xavantina), Universidade Federal do Pará, Emílio Goeldi Museum, Stanford University and Yale University. It’s the Savanna Project, which studies the effects of fires in transitional areas between the forest and the savannah. In 2009, the experiment continued with the controlled burning of 50 hectares, duly authorized by the competent environmental agency. According to IPAM, the area offered by André Maggi Group for the research is the largest in the country directed at this type of research. Another focus is to identify how the intensity and occurrence of fires can change permanently the Amazon Forest. The experiment is developed in 150 hectares, divided into three parties: 50 hectares do not suffer fires, as a control area; 50 hectares that are burnt annually and other 50 hectares that are burnt every three years. To conduct the experience, several safety measures are taken, so much to guarantee the researchers and their teams safety as well as so that the fire does not spread to adjoining areas. Several kinds of information are gathered such as species of trees (size and quantity), forest structure (cup opening), number of plantules (a plant embryo still inside the seed), quantity of combustible material in the ground (branches and leaves) and also about some groups of animals. After the fire, all these information are gathered again in order to evaluate how this environment reacts to the degradation factor. Temperature and local humidity are also variables monitored prior and after the fire in order to detect changes in the microclimate of the forest. The soil humidity is measured to verify how these changes are affecting water availability in the soil.

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